April 20, 2024
A.I

The AI ​​technology that could already save your life, from diagnosing strokes to detecting heart attacks and cancer

ARTIFICIAL intelligence may seem futuristic, but experts say it is already helping the NHS save lives every day.

Last year, the Government made £21 million available to support the use of AI-powered technology in the health service.

Artificial intelligence may seem futuristic, but experts say it is already helping the NHS save lives every day.Credit: Getty
Tara Donnelly, former chief digital officer for NHS England, is now the founder of health advisory firm Digital Care, which helps the NHS scale technologies such as AI.Credit: supplied

The NHS AI Lab was also set up to coordinate any promising innovations between government, health providers, academics and technology companies.

Tara Donnelly, former NHS chief digital officer Englandis now the founder of health advisory firm Digital Care, helping the NHS scale technology.

She told Sun on Sunday Health: “Most weeks there are exciting moments news of a possible advance in AI in health.

“For example, at London’s Moorfields Eye Hospital, the AI ​​system can recommend the correct referral decision for more than 50 eye diseases with 94 percent accuracy, matching the world’s leading eye experts.”

READ MORE ABOUT AI AND HEALTH

One of the reasons why the NHS is so well suited to the use of AI is that it treats almost 1.3 million people a day.

That can mean long waiting lists and waits in the ER, but it’s also an advantage when it comes to AI, because those patients produce a lot of data.

And it’s data that the AI ​​learns from to make sure it works optimally.

Tara said: “The UK is a great place to train AI for healthcare purposes because we have the world’s population living in our cities and the more diverse the data set the better to create AI that works for everyone.

“Some of the most marked impact is in imaging, so we are seeing improvements in care for stroke, eye disease and mammography.”

Here he reveals the AI ​​technologies that are saving lives right now and will continue to do so in the future. future. . .

Most weeks there is exciting news about a possible AI breakthrough in healthcare.

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Stroke DIAGNOSIS

THIS year, tens of thousands of stroke patients will receive treatment more quickly thanks to cutting-edge AI stroke diagnosis technology.

Patients taken to one of 11 stroke networks across the country can expect to have their brain scans quickly evaluated by The Brainomix e-Stroke system.

It uses artificial intelligence algorithms to reduce life-saving minutes in one of the most urgent diagnoses in medicine.

This is believed to have tripled the number of patients recovering from a stroke.

More than 111,000 patients with suspected stroke have benefited in just one year.

LUNG CANCER

MORE than 600,000 chest x-rays are carried out in the NHS each month and are most commonly used to diagnose lung cancer, the leading cause of cancer death in the UK.

Now lung problems that need further investigation can be detected immediately when those x-rays are run through artificial intelligence software, called qXR.

Instead of returning home and waiting for a radiologist to review their x-rays, patients identified by AI can be sent for a same-day CT scan that can reveal whether or not they have cancer.

RADIOTHERAPY

FOR cancer patients, the time between referral for radiotherapy and treatment is stressful.

This is because preparing scans can take up to three hours, as doctors must highlight healthy tissue around the cancer to make sure it is protected from radiation.

But by using Osairis AI technology, they can now prepare scans in just a few minutes.

The technology reduces the laborious process of manually outlining healthy tissue on scans, known as “segmentation.”

HEART ATTACKS

A new artificial intelligence tool has been trained to detect patients who could be at risk of a heart attackCredit: Getty

EVERY year, around 350,000 NHS patients undergo a cardiac CT scan, which highlights any dangerous blockages or narrowing of the arteries that can lead to fatal heart attacks.

But CT scans don’t always detect tiny narrowings, which can rupture if inflamed and cause a heart attack years later.

A new artificial intelligence tool has now been trained to detect patients who may be at risk of this, using information about changes in fat around inflamed arteries.

It generates a risk score for the patient, and research has found that if the technology were used in the NHS it could lead to more than 20 per cent fewer heart attacks.

THE PREGNANCY

Tommy’s app uses an artificial intelligence algorithm that has learned from data from more than 120,000 pregnancies and can help assess a woman’s risk of complications.Credit: Getty
The algorithm processes information from hormonal blood tests and scan results.Credit: Tommy’s

THERE ARE 25,000 cases of preeclampsia, a complication of pregnancy, 3,000 stillbirths and 60,000 premature births a year in the UK.

Now The Tommy’s app, an artificial intelligence algorithm using data from more than 120,000 pregnancies, can identify a woman’s risk of developing this dangerous condition.

Hormonal blood tests and scan results from a patient’s prenatal appointments are run through the algorithm, flagging those who need treatment and close monitoring.

AI is also used in IVF clinics in Europe, Asia and South America to detect the most viable embryos.

Clinics using the software have reported a 30 percent increase in their success rates.

BRAIN SURGERY

NHS surgeons are now working with an AI system trained on hundreds of pituitary gland surgery videos, which can help them train for the real thing.Credit: Getty

PRECISION is everything in brain surgery, and it is essential not to damage the pituitary gland during an operation to remove a tumor.

NHS surgeons are now working with an AI system trained on hundreds of pituitary gland surgery videos, which can help them train for the real thing.

In just ten months, the AI ​​was able to achieve the same levels of knowledge that a surgeon with ten years of experience would have.

BREAST CANCER

There is currently a 29 per cent shortfall in NHS radiologists, but an innovative artificial intelligence tool could help close that gap.Credit: Getty

Breast cancer SCREENING on the NHS is vital to detecting the disease early, helping to save lives, and women aged 50 to 71 are encouraged to have a mammogram every three years.

But there is a 29 per cent shortfall of NHS radiologists and several breast units across the country have closed.

Now AI could help close that gap. A trial published in the medical journal Lancet Oncology found that a screening tool backed by artificial intelligence could detect cancer as quickly as two radiologists.

The NHS is currently studying how to use AI in its breast screening programme.

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