April 15, 2024

Cloud native technologies. Hello! Everyone, I am Gopal in the series of… | by NIST Cloud Computing Club | January 2024

Hello! Everyone, this is Gopal in the cloud technologies learning series, today we are going to learn about cloud native technologies.

Cloud-native technologies are a set of software tools and practices that enable businesses to build, deploy, and manage applications in the cloud. Cloud-native applications are designed to take advantage of the scalability, elasticity, and automation that cloud platforms offer. In this blog, we’ll explore some of the key cloud-native technologies and how they can help you build modern, fast, and reliable software solutions.

Cloud native technologies are not a single technology, but rather a collection of different tools and methodologies that work together to support cloud native development. Some of the common cloud native technologies include:

1)Containers:

Containers are lightweight, isolated environments that package an application and its dependencies. Containers allow developers to run applications consistently across different platforms and environments, without worrying about compatibility or configuration management issues. Containers also enable faster deployment, portability, and scalability of applications.

2)Microservices:

Microservices are a style of software architecture that breaks an application into smaller, independent services that communicate with each other via APIs. Microservices help developers manage complexity, improve agility, and increase application resilience. Microservices also allow developers to use different technologies and frameworks for each service, depending on what is the best fit for the functionality and requirements.

3) Container Orchestrators:

Container orchestrators are platforms that automate the deployment, management, and scaling of containerized applications. Container orchestrators provide features such as service discovery, load balancing, health monitoring, and fault tolerance. Some of the most popular container orchestrators are Kubernetes, Docker Swarm, and Apache Mesos.

4) Serverless:

Serverless is a cloud computing model that abstracts the underlying infrastructure and allows developers to focus on the application logic. Serverless applications run on demand, in response to events or triggers, and only consume resources when they are active. Serverless platforms handle infrastructure provisioning, scaling, and maintenance and charge only for actual resource usage. Some of the examples of serverless platforms are AWS Lambda, Azure Functions, and Google Cloud Functions.

5) Development operations:

DevOps is a culture and set of practices that aim to improve collaboration and communication between development and operations teams, and automate the software delivery process. DevOps helps developers deliver software faster, more frequently, and more reliably by using tools and techniques such as continuous integration, continuous delivery, infrastructure as code, and monitoring.

Cloud-native technologies offer many benefits for businesses and developers, such as:

Cloud-native technologies enable faster development and deployment of applications through the use of agile methodologies, automation, and modular design. Developers can iterate and experiment faster and deliver value to customers sooner.

Cloud-native technologies allow applications to automatically scale up and down, based on demand and workload. Developers don’t have to worry about provisioning or managing servers and can take advantage of the cloud’s virtually unlimited resources.

Cloud-native technologies improve application reliability and availability through the use of distributed and resilient architectures, self-healing mechanisms, and fault-tolerant systems. Developers can handle failures gracefully and ensure applications are always up and running.

Cloud-native technologies reduce the capital and operational costs of running applications by using pay-as-you-go models, resource optimization, and waste reduction. Developers can save money by paying only for what they use and avoiding over-provisioning or under-provisioning resources.

Cloud computing is a broader concept that refers to the provision of computing services, such as storage, processing power, and applications, over the Internet. It covers various service models such as infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), and software as a service (SaaS).

Cloud-native technologies, on the other hand, focus specifically on building and running applications that take advantage of cloud environments. These technologies are designed to fully exploit the dynamic, scalable and distributed nature of cloud platforms. Cloud-native applications are typically containerized, use a microservices architecture, and are managed with orchestration tools such as Kubernetes.

In essence, cloud computing is the general paradigm of delivering computing services over the Internet, while cloud-native technologies are an approach to developing and deploying applications optimized for cloud environments.

Up to this we have learned only the basics and contents of cloud native technologies, if you are interested in learning more about cloud native technologies and how to use them, here are some resources that can help you:

  • What is cloud native?: A complete guide to AWS cloud-native applications and technologies.
  • What is cloud native?: A detailed explanation of the cloud-native concepts and benefits of Google Cloud.
  • What is cloud native?: A concise introduction to cloud-native technologies and practices by Kong Inc.
  • What is cloud native?: A brief overview of cloud-native development and its benefits by Palo Alto Networks.
  • What is cloud native?: A simple definition of cloud native and its main pillars of Microsoft Learn.
  • Cloud native landscape: A visual map of the cloud native ecosystem and the various projects and products that are part of it prepared by the Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF).

We hope this blog has given you insight into cloud-native technologies and how they can help you build better software solutions. Thank you for reading!

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